FAQ- Canine Vaccinations

FAQ — CANINE (Dog) Vaccinations

Rabies Vaccine – only includes the rabies vaccine. In Florida the first rabies vaccine can only be a 1-year vaccine (by law). Revaccinate every 1 or 3-years.

Distemper/Parvo Vaccine – includes the following. Revaccinate every 1 to 3-years.
black dog silhouette

  •  Distemper Vaccine
  •  Parvo Virus Vaccine
  •  Adenovirus type-2 – Very old vaccines will call this vaccine Hepatitis which can cause “blue-eye” condition in dogs.
  •  Parafluenza Vaccine

Bordetella Vaccine – only includes the bordetella vaccine. Manufacturer labeled for revaccination in 1-year. Many veterinarians recommend revaccination for heavily socialized animals at 6-month intervals. Many kennels require revaccination every 6-months.

Leptospirosis Vaccine – only includes the leptospirosis vaccine. Leptospirosis is a confirmed disease in our area and is recommended for use. Revaccinate every ~1-year.

H3N8 Vaccine – Has clinical signs similar Kennel Cough but more severe and can be life threatening. Not a prevalent disease however, when contracted it can be a devastating disease for a pet. If needed revaccinate every ~1-year

Corona Virus Vaccine – NOT a recommended vaccine. SEE page 8 of the American Animal Hospital Association (AAHA) Canine Vaccine Guidelines

Lyme Vaccine – NOT a recommended vaccine in Florida – unless you travel to a Lyme disease endemic area. SEE page 7 of the American Animal Hospital Association (AAHA) Canine Vaccine Guidelines

Rabies

Rabies is contracted mainly through bites, due to the rich virus population present in saliva. It can also be transmitted though broken skin or mucous membranes. The incubation of rabies is variable. Most cases in dogs occur within 21-80 days after exposure. Once exposed, the virus travels through the nerves right to the spinal cord and then up to the brain. Once the virus hits the brain, it is then transferred to the salivary glands via their nerve supply.

Three phases typically occur in dogs: The prodromal (1-3 days), the excitative, and the paralytic phases. Animals may exhibit symptoms such as isolative behavior, anorexia and/or frequent urination. Following these signs, animals usually become either vicious or paralyzed. Death usually follows within 10 days of the first symptoms.

During the vicious stage, pets usually roam a lot and bite most anything that moves. Rabid dogs tend to chew and swallow foreign objects such as feces, bones, straw, sticks and stones, oftentimes breaking their teeth. Rabid cats bite and scratch willingly at anything moving as well. Eventually, incoordination and paralysis set in followed closely by death.

Distemper

This is another highly contagious, systemic viral disease often ending tragically. While distemper is reasonably unstable outside its host, it is contagious via air-born droplet secretions. Infected pets can shed the virus for up to several months after contact. The lymph system, the respiratory system, the gastrointestinal system the urogenital epithelium and the central nervous system are all affected.

Symptoms include, but are not limited to eye and nasal discharge, fever, and anorexia. Neurological signs are often observed as the disease spreads. Twitching muscles, hind limb paralysis, and convulsions are trademarks of neurological trauma. The course of the disease varies from 10 days to several, successive months.

Parvo

Parvovirus is a viral disease of dogs. It affects puppies much more frequently than it affects adult dogs. The virus likes to grow in rapidly dividing cells. The intestinal lining has the largest concentration of rapidly dividing cells in a puppy’s body. The virus attacks and kills these cells, causing diarrhea (often bloody), depression and suppression of white blood cells — which come from another group of rapidly dividing cells. In very young puppies it can infect the heart muscle and lead to “sudden” death.

Hepatitis

Hepatitis is Infection of the liver, kidneys, spleen and/or lungs. The surfaces of these major organ systems are attacked and killed leading to spontaneous, uncontrollable, internal bleeding. Ingestion of urine, feces, or saliva is the primary path of contamination. The disease can vary in severity from a mild fever to a fatal illness. The incubation period is 4-9 days and a recovered pet can shed the pathogen in its urine for more than 6 months afterwards.

Many symptoms coincide with hepatitis: Lethargy, anorexia, thirst, excessive discharge from the eyes and nose, and occasional abdominal pain. Vomiting and enlarged lymph nodes are also often present as well. It is foolish not to prevent against such a destructive condition when preventative measures are available.

Parainfluenza

Parainfluenza describes a condition in which a viral infection of nervous tissue occurs. According to Greene’s “Infectious Diseases of the Dog and Cat,” there is no known treatment to cure this condition. The symptoms are vague and elusive and include hemorrhaging of the intestinal lining, swelling of the head, neurological malfunction and seizure

Bordetella (kennel cough)

This is the most common bacterial agent associated with tracheobronchitis in dogs and can cause pneumonia. It inhabits the upper respiratory tract and is extremely contagious via airborne secretions. This vaccine is not 100% protective.

Leptospirosis*

Vomiting, anorexia, weakness and a fever are a few of the non-specific signs seen with Leptospirosis. The incubation time is generally 5-15 days after exposure. Eventually, breathing becomes labored, the abdomen becomes painful and the pet is reluctant to rise from a sitting position.

Abrasions are observable in the mouth and thirst is increased. Swallowing becomes difficult and in advanced stages of the disease, bloody vomit and feces indicate internal hemorrhagic problems. Renal disease follows closely and usually the pet dies from renal failure if not treated.

* Leptospirosis vaccines are important in pets because Leptospirosis is contagious to humans http://www.cdc.gov/leptospirosis